Medieval armor in Europe, a kind of armor-plate medieval armor was popular in the Middle Ages. medieval armor According to legend, this kind of armor is very bullish, and the knife and gun are not long. Is this really true? not necessarily. Because China has many cold weapons that can destroy it, and it is very easy. Let us take a look at the medieval armor that Europe has always been proud of. The Metropolitan Museum of America has a lot of collections.
Italy, Germany plate. These two plates were made in 1510, the upper body is the upper body armor, made in Milan, Italy, the main body is steel plate, partially gold plated. On the left is the breastplate, made in Augsburg, Germany, all of which are steel plates. This pair of breastplates used print etching techniques and the patterns were very beautiful.
1.RedSkyTrader Mens Steel Full Leg
German battle plate armor. This armor is a German battleboard. It was built in Augsburg in 1591. The main body is steel plate. It is etched, partially sheet metal, and has leather and gold-plated bronze fittings weighing 20.96 kg.
German cavalry plate. These three cavalry plates were made in 1525 and are produced in Nuremberg, Germany. They are all steel, with a weight of 22 kg and a helmet weighing 3.3 kg. This was the typical cavalry battle suit in southern Germany and Austria at the time, and the tall armor in the middle came from northern Germany.
2.Medieval Chain Mail Shirt and Coif Armor Set
European medieval plate armor is excellent in defending general cold weapons, but in the case of a broken armored weapon, this armor is quite fragile.
There is a weapon in Europe called the trench axe, which is very easy to break the European plate. The modern man specialized in destroying the plate armor experiment with the trench axe, and the result is a blow.
3.Medieval Times Shoulder Guard Steel Breastplate
China has a cold weapon called, this weapon has a long range and great power. The arrow used is a through-the-arrow arrow. It can also easily shoot the plate with a smashing arrow.
The Zhuge gods are more famous in the ancient arrow. It can launch 10 only one arrow at a time, which can be regarded as an ancient machine gun. This kind of arrow has an effective range of more than a hundred steps, specifically shooting the main player, so it is also called “Yuan Lan.”
4.Armor Venue Fluted Gothic Breastplate
Zhuge God’s arrow is a triangle or a cone, and the ability to penetrate the armor is quite strong. Use this kind of arrow to shoot on the plate armor and shoot it on the breastplate. It can make the breastplate change to the bottom of the sieve and shoot it on the helmet, which can make the head colander.
Therefore, the protection of any armor is relative, as is the European plate. Especially after the emergence of firearms, the plate is even more vulnerable. It is precisely because the armor not only does not play a good protective role in front of the firearms, but also makes the soldiers maneuvering quite difficult, so they are eliminated by modern warfare.
5.Dark Warrior Pauldrons with Sword
Medieval European armor was designed to be more and more deflected and attacked, while absorbing the blunt impact from the knight’s gun and sword (here mainly analyzes the sword fighting.
so the hammer weapon that is more suitable for blunt impact is not taken into account) A set of knight armor can be a chain armor that is simple in structure and capable of absorbing scratches and shears, or a jacket that is fully padded to strengthen the structure or a metal full-body helmet that must be able to defend against shocks and impacts. Poke the weapon.
6.Roman Soldier Military Lorica Segmentata
The chain armor has a large number of forms and types, and it has indeed reached its peak in Western Europe in the 15th century, when it closely arranged and fixed with rivets to resist any cutting force that attempted to scratched, and to be able to withstand many slashes from swords and Poke.
A complete and full-body hard plate, known as armor that unmatched in craft creativity and its own hardness, is roughly resistant to the stab of the sword and requires purely special weapons to effectively beat it. After tempering and tempering the high-quality iron and carefully drawing the grooved armor.
7.Chain Mail Shirt Armor 10 mm Flat Riveted
the slashing of the sword is impeccable. The armor used for trekking is a balance of performance, man-made equipment, and sometimes even tempered iron. It’s great for wearing battles, not the clumsy, cumbersome stuff that Hollywood produces. Unless you’ve actually passed through this excellent plate, you don’t really know how much it affects a knight’s ability to move.
Any warrior armed with a sword alone will encounter difficulties because there are no necessary professional weapons to fight or even defeat the plate. Indeed, the systemic European plate and the inner layer of the chain protection can well influence the core advantages of the original Japanese knife.
8.Knights Jousting Medieval Body Armor
In the middle of the Middle Ages, the knight’s armor further improved. Although the shape of the armor is still the chain armor, the chain armor (coif, mainly protects the neck) and the chain gloves (mufflers) added, and the chain armor also added. Lengthened, straight to the legs.
The helmet begins to completely wrap the head and face. Although the Cavaliers’ Spurs and even the Chain Mail theoretically gold-plated, most of the armor is still unpretentious. However, clothes that placed outside the armor can distinguished by different colors and patterns.
9.Greek Roman Medieval Spartan Armor
During this period, because the soldiers almost completely covered by armor (the Muslims therefore called the Crusaders “iron man”) and could not judge their identity from appearance or figure, they often painted various symbols on the shield as personal marks. The same pattern can also drawn on the helmet or made of wood, leather, coagulated paper, textile, etc.
These signs of personal identity mean the beginning of European heraldicism. Strictly speaking, their original use was not aesthetically pleasing, but as the coat of arms became popular in the Middle Ages, it became an extremely important part of armor decoration.
10.Medieval LARP Armor Leg Guard
Since the late 13th century, knights have often added some metal plates to the fragile parts of the shoulders, elbows, knees, etc. to enhance the protection (this forms a kind of “composite armor” of the chain armor plate) . These metal sheets (sometimes also made of hard leather, animal bones, horns, etc.) rivets fixed to expensive, bright fabrics (such as velvet, brocade, gold silk fabrics, etc.). They called brigdines and usually have a certain decoration.
After entering the 14th century, leather and metal plates began to protect the limbs and even the trunk. Leather armor is easier to process and can used to engrave and shape patterns of various themes. Just like the binding of medieval manuscripts, the edges of the plate decorated with copper alloy flakes (copper alloy), sometimes with gold and engraved with flowers or inscriptions.
During the Renaissance
a significant advancement in European armor was the whole body plate, which appeared around 1420. The knight’s defensive strength has greatly enhanced by wearing a set of metal armor hinged from head to toe. Of course, the chain armor and cloth armor did not completely withdraw from the historical stage. Plate armor offers armor traders more choices in decorative technology: edging, rusting, painting, etching, engraving, stippling, sheet metal, inlay…
In addition, helmets and breastplates often covered with fabric, and wooden shields usually decorated with coats of arms. In the second half of the fifteenth century, especially in the German-speaking countries, the surface of the armor decorated with bumpy lines, and some of the edges of the armor carefully cut and decorated, and the lines seemed to be remembering the ancient Gothic flowers. window. Just as the Renaissance advertised the revival of ancient Greek and Roman culture.
there was also a “retro style” in the armor world
At about the same time, the Italian armor began to produce a new retro light helmet (which gradually replaced the middle-aged helmet in the Middle Ages). People deliberately restored (or think of “reduction”) the “muscle-type breastplate” of ancient Greek and Roman times. After many years of human body sculpture-like chest dust, they finally see the sky again, but they generally used for the arty of the royal family’s court celebrations, not actual combat.
Around 1500, in Deutschland and other parts of Europe, the style of armor fashion changed again. The long and slender Gothic plate (the ornamentation was also vertical and sharp) replaced by a more rounded and heavy armor. By 1540, the ridges became a mainstream decoration, and the armor of Germany (sometimes including Italy) often decorated with shiny, parallel ridges on the surface, sometimes misjudged as “Maximilian Armor” .
Between 1515 and 1535
a group of German armor craftsmen built quality armor, sometimes with helmets of exotic shapes and human or animal faces. During the grand festival, these chic armor used to hold a celebration or a competition.
Filippo Negroli (1510-1591) in the Italian peninsula from 1530 to 1560 was the premier master of armor at the time, and the carved armor produced reached the pinnacle of similar products (see Figure 17). He and his relatives Francesco (about 1522-1600), Giovan Battista (about 1511-1591), Alessandro (about 1528-1573) and Giovan Paolo (circa 1513-1569) and others run the Filippo Armor Workshop, which produced a large number of extremely beautiful ceremonial armor for the Holy Roman Emperor.
the Duke of Urbino
the French and Spanish royal families. . These armor have been basically out of combat, not seeking the ultimate protection, but the focus placed on delicate reliefs and various plant and flower patterns, as well as etched corrugations, and often with gold and silver. Filippo’s accomplishments in armor decoration have long been a step in Europe. Until the middle and late sixteenth century, the ceremonial armor and the stables had a heavyweight work comparable to Filippo.
However, the embossing process weakens the strength of the metal, which makes this type of armor no longer suitable for combat and competition. Thus, for combat armor, since the beginning of the 16th century, etching combined with sheet metal and blue process (rust-proof) has become a more popular armor modification technology in Europe. The specific content of the ornament covers religious inscriptions, plant flowers, geometric figures, religious paintings, historical and mythological subjects, political subjects, coats of arms, and the Knights. As the decoration became more and more complicated, the armor was often unable to do so, and had to resort to the crafts of painters, sculptors, etchers and goldsmiths.
In addition to traditional armor production bases such as Germany
Italy and France, England in the 16th century began to catch up. In 1511, King Henry VIII set up a royal armor workshop in Greenwich, specializing in the production of high-level studded leather armor for the British monarch and his court. Due to the introduction of a large number of foreign experts, the British armor decoration level quickly reached the first-class level. The production of the Greenwich Armor Factory lasted for hundreds of years until the outbreak of the British Revolution in the mid-17th century.
After the seventeenth period, with the popularity of firearms, traditional armor gradually declined. In Europe, except for heavy cavalry and siege warfare, most of the troops abandoned old armor (even heavy cavalry, usually only equipped with breastplates and helmets, not full body panels).
In addition, people can see them in ceremonies and drama performances. Europe in the 17th century plagued by large-scale wars (such as the tragic 30-year war). Although armor still has a market in the military.
people need cheap
reliable, large-scale armor, which are usually simple ( Even poor, naturally, can’t talk about fine patterns. There still a certain demand for the ceremonial armor produced by the aristocrats of the princes.
but the era of the Cavaliers has gone far, and the beautiful European armor destined to be a yellow flower.
In 1712, the helmetsmiths in Paris created a royal plate for the five-year-old Prince Asturias.
there was no new royal order. The history of the decoration of European armor has come to an end.
people can only find its former glory in the showroom of the court or museum.